Batteries are the source of static charge-discharge and are used mainly in areas where current electricity cannot work. From mobile phones to cars, there are several items where batteries act as the power source. Over the years, several new battery-based technologies have been launched to increase the efficiency and performance of the products.
One such prominent technology is the introduction of lithium battery Dubai. It is often used nowadays, apart from lithium-ion batteries. It is crucial to know specific facts about lithium batteries to use the same. In this article, we discussed the utility of lithium batteries and their work in storing electricity and discharging the static charge to power up the device.
What is a lithium battery, and how is it made?
Lead-acid batteries and other items couldn’t offer the expected level of performance and productivity. Notwithstanding, these proved highly harmful to users and the environment. This is where lithium batteries come into play. As the name suggests, they are made from lithium oxide and some other chemicals in combinations to ensure the desired output performance and productivity are as per the expectations.
A lithium battery in Dubai has four main components that define its working. These are:
- Cathode: It is made from metal oxides and connected to the battery’s positive terminal. It determines the current flow and static voltage.
- Anode: This is connected to the battery’s negative terminal and is made from lithium metal. During electrolysis, the positive lithium ions are stored in the anode. It is connected to the external circuit where the load is present.
- Electrolyte: The electrolyte is made from lithium salts in aqueous solutions. It facilitates the transfer of lithium ions from the electrolyte to the anode electrode. On the other hand, negative ions are deposited in the cathode and electrons are generated.
- Separator: This thin film acts as a barrier between the cathode and anode to separate them. If these two terminals come in contact with each other, there will be faster static discharge, causing short circuits.
How does the lithium battery work?
The lithium batteries work based on chemical equations explaining electrolysis. However, its behavior varies from charging and discharging action. Since it acts as a capacitor, charging means storing lithium ions while discharging means generating electrons in the external circuit.
Charging and discharging
When the battery is charging, i.e., connected to an external source of current electricity, electrolysis occurs. Here, the electrolyte molecules consisting of lithium-ion as the cation and another negative ion dissociates. During this process, the lithium-ions move towards the cation and react to form lithium metal atoms by releasing electrons. These electrons travel from cathode to anode and react with the material from which the anode is made. Now, lithium ions are generated and released into the electrolyte to fulfill the gap.
On the other hand, during discharging, the load is connected to the electrodes instead of the power source. In this case, the electrons move from the anode to the cathode while the lithium ions in the electrolyte move towards the anode. It gets stored in the anode to fulfill the vacancy made during the charging process.
In this article, we have briefly described the working process of lithium battery Dubai. You now know where the electricity is stored in this power source and how the charging and discharging process work.