The launch of the electric vehicle was a move towards establishing sustainability and eco-friendliness in the automobile industry worldwide. Furthermore, it also reduced fuel consumption by a significant amount since many countries have already ruled out millions of EV car models in the past five years. However, a question has surfaced concerning the utility of dead or damaged EV batteries and whether the parts can be recycled properly. Since many businesses have already transformed into establishing a cyclic or circular supply chain, knowing more about the recyclability property of the EV battery is crucial.
Keeping this in mind, we have discussed whether EV batteries are recyclable, and if they are recyclable, then how can one proceed with the process.
What are EV batteries, and how do they work?
The first and foremost thing you need to understand is what exactly electric vehicle car batteries are and how they work. Electric vehicles do not need fuel to run their engines. Instead, they depend on the discharge power generated by the batteries. Every EV battery acts as the traditional battery cell on the market.
It has an electrolyte that goes through the solution to produce ions that carry the charge between the anode and the cathode. The charge is circulated through the entire load circuit to generate direct current and supply power to the engine. Therefore, it’s clear that these batteries do not require any fuel for operation.
Ideally, electric vehicle car batteries have higher life expectancy because they need to run the engine and several other mechanical components under the hood. Besides, these batteries are quite expensive, and if the life expectancy is not increased, rolling out EV vehicles in the market will prove to be a failure because no one will pay such a high amount to get a car that requires frequent battery replacement.
However, electric vehicle car batteries come in various shapes and sizes. Therefore, most of the parts are quite complicated to handle later on. When the battery runs out of charge or stops performing, these parts are usually discarded as waste or destroyed. Regardless of the method, waste generation cannot be stopped until someone finds a way to recycle the dead electric vehicle car batteries.
How to recycle EV batteries?
The best way to recycle an EV battery is to extract all the parts and components that can be used in another battery or for another purpose. This process is known as upcycling, where only the good and functional paths are extracted from any waste material and then used to make something more productive. Although we cannot say that it is completely a recyclable method, it can reduce waste generation significantly over time.
Apart from this, recycling the batteries will introduce more expenses and costs, so finding a way to manage the expenses while upcycling the parts and components is one of the primary concerns for every battery manufacturer. Even though the practice is not popular, businesses must pay more attention if they want to make the automobile industry sustainable and eco-friendly.
It is very hard to recycle EV battery, owing to the complexity of their parts and components. However, businesses should find a way to reduce the efforts and investments in recycling the batteries at the earliest because soon it will become a major concern for environmentalists, automobile manufacturers, and the entire world.